History of Oze

History of Nature Conservation in Oze

1903 Plan for the first hydroelectric dam was announced
1934 Oze area was designated as a part of the Nikko National Park
1949 Ozehozonkiseidomei (Oze Conservation Association) was established in order to prevent the implementation of a development plan for hydroelectric power in Oze
1952 Boardwalk construction started
1953 The core area of Oze was designated as a special protection zone
A drastic increase in the number of hikers occurred due to an unprecedented hiking boom; degradation caused by people trampling on the vegetation; sightseeing road plan
1960 Designated as a Special Natural Monument of Japan
1966 Restoration work for the moor vegetation started
1971 Roadway construction between Oshimizu and Numayama was called off
1972 Campaign to urge visitors to bring back their own garbage started
1972 Campaign to urge visitors to bring back their own garbage started earlier than in any other national park;
The next year more than 1,400 trash bins were removed;
Nature conservation activities that started in Oze spread throughout the nation
1974 Controls over private car use started for the first time in Japan
Drainage measures (voluntarily refraining from the use of soap and shampoo, installation of combined septic tanks, etc.)
1985 Introduction of a tipping system at public restrooms
1989 -1997 Closure of the trails on the east side of Mt. Shibutsu
1990 Placement of mats for removing invasive plant seeds from footwear at the entrances to the mountains
1992 Start of a reservation-only system for mountain lodges
1995 Establishment of the Oze Preservation Foundation
2005 Inscribed as a registered wetland under the Ramsar Convention
2007 Establishment of the Oze National Park